Purple garlic from las Pedroñeras
This garlic belongs to the variety "Morado de Cuenca" and enjoys Protected Geographical Indication.
The Pedroñeras purple garlic has adapted perfectly to the climatic and soil conditions in the area where it is grown and that gives it that unique quality that recognizes it as one of the best garlic in the world. The physical environment where it is cultivated presents physiological and morphological differences in relation to the variety to which it belongs. It is a semi-late or late ripening variety and its development is medium or long being about 190 days under normal planting and cultivation conditions.
The purple garlic of the Pedroñeras presents a bulb or head of round or spherical shape of average size with external robes that stain it of white colour or little stained with striae. The inner tunics that give protection to the teeth have a deep violet or purple colour that characterize the variety and also have stretch marks. The teeth have a size between small and medium crescent shaped and a colour in their flesh yellowish white tone.
History and origin of garlic
For more than 5000 years it has been used as food, medicine, aphrodisiac or magic potions. Garlic protected from the devil's eye, hung at the doors of the inhabitants of the Middle Ages to protect them, gave strength and courage to Greek athletes and warriors, protected the maidens and pregnant women from evil nymphs and rubbed in The door frames to keep bloodthirsty vampires away. The garlic hanging from the neck protected from the sharp horns of a bull, away from the local witches and the black plague, also prevented us from getting ahead in horse races.
The garlic managed to spread in the culinary traditions of many civilizations of the world. Its journey began in Asia, being cultivated during the Neolithic era, spread to the Middle East and North Africa in 3000 BC. Which allowed him to reach Europe quickly.
Offering a unique nutritional value and a wide range of medicinal benefits this plant was quickly identified as a natural gift of nature and today there are a large number of selectively cultivated varieties around the world, being the purple garlic of the Pedroñeras a clear example.
The origin of the garlic is located in western and central Asia. This plant was identified by the Indians who tamed it about 6000 years ago. In 3000 a.C traders introduced the garlic to the Babylonian and Assyrian empires who worshiped this plant by extending it to neighbouring civilizations. The most important records of that time come from Egypt. Inside the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun the garlic was placed in various earthen vessels and several of them were shaped in the form of garlic bulbs.
The arrival of garlic in ancient Rome and Greece greatly increased its popularity. At that time it was used for almost everything from medicinal food to religious rituals and superstition. In Asia it was more appreciated as a medicinal ingredient than as an edible plant. This was how the Buddhists saw it between the first and the first century AD. Avoided their consumption. Nowadays garlic represents one of the most popular aromas of South Asia along with onion or ginger.
One of the most influential moments in the history of garlic happened during the expansion of Muslim rule through the Middle East and Eastern Europe. This allowed the spread of garlic in central and western Europe, where it was received as an excellent medical remedy. The medical books of the 1660s described him as an excellent cure for plague and smallpox. A famous chemist and microbiologist demonstrated in 1858 that garlic could kill germs, greatly reducing the possibility of wound infection. Due to these results, garlic was widely used as an antiseptic cure and dysentery during the two world wars.
Properties and benefits of the purple garlic from las Pedroñeras
It is undoubtedly one of the natural remedies with greater medicinal properties demonstrated, among these:
- It is a diuretic, stimulant and expectorant, it eliminates residues of the organism, its enzymes favour the synthesis of fatty acids and it helps to reduce the LDL cholesterol.
- Stimulates the gastrointestinal mucosa.
- It is disinfectant and decongestant as it increases bronchial secretions.
- Its consumption increases the diameter of small blood vessels, capillaries and arterioles so the blood flows more easily and blood pressure decreases.
- Its high content of phosphorus and suphur makes it a natural sedative for nervous people.
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