Peaches contain a single central seed inside its shell, we know commonly as bone. The velvet skin has a yellow or white flesh with a sweet and delicate flavour. The fruit that does not have this velvety skin are variations of peach known or nectarine or pavía.
History and origin of peaches
The peach is native to China, Afghanistan and Iran. It was grown in China 3,000 years ago where it was known as "The Tree of Life" and appears in writings from the X century BC. It was the favourite fruit of the Chinese emperors.
Recent studies have shed light on the initial crop area as the examination of peach pits well preserved by various scientific locate their origin as of 7,500 years old in the Yangtze River valley in China near Shanghai. As indicated by the study peaches fruit trees were the first to be domesticated by the earliest human societies that embraced horticulture. Peach wild ancestor dating back 7,500 years seems extinct today.
It is said that the Queen Mother of the West (Xiwangmu) reciting poetry in a garden full of peaches. She adored this fruit as a fountain of youth and longevity. The Chinese have traditional pictures or statues at home of Chinese gods of protection, wealth and longevity latter being the god of longevity the one that carries a peach in his hand from the West Queen Mother.
Through trade China exported peaches to Turkey and Persia.
At the time of Augustus the Romans brought peaches to the West taking it as original from Persia so it was named "Prunus persica." The peach was known in Greece and in 330 BC.
In the "Serreta de Cieza" in Murcia (Spain) peaches remains were found belonging to the third century BC.
In the sixteenth century the French spread the cultivation of peach to North America and the Spanish in South America. Native Americans were responsible for expanding cultivation in their nomadic travels.
Until the twentieth century in America the peach tree was planted as a garden and thereafter its cultivation was professionalized as fruit for consumption.
Properties and benefits of peaches
- They are good for cholesterol
- Boost the immune system.
- They help bone growth.
- They are purifying, diuretic and detoxifying.
- Vitamins are a defence against the virus.
- They help regulate intestinal transit and act as a natural laxative thanks to its fibre content.
- They have high water content.
- They maintain a good condition of the skin.
- Rich in potassium which makes it ideal for diets.
- They contain vitamins A, C, B1, B2, B6 making it an antioxidant.
- Among its minerals it includes magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulphur, chlorine, copper and iron.
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